E8B: Modulation and demodulation: modulation methods; modulation index and deviation ratio; pulse modulation; frequency and time division multiplexing
What is the term for the ratio between the frequency deviation of an RF carrier wave, and the modulating frequency of its corresponding FM-phone signal?
Percentage of modulation
How does the modulation index of a phase-modulated emission vary with RF carrier frequency (the modulated frequency)?
It does not depend on the RF carrier frequency
It increases as the RF carrier frequency increases
It decreases as the RF carrier frequency increases
It varies with the square root of the RF carrier frequency
What is the modulation index of an FM-phone signal having a maximum frequency deviation of 3000 Hz either side of the carrier frequency, when the modulating frequency is 1000 Hz?
What is the modulation index of an FM-phone signal having a maximum carrier deviation of plus or minus 6 kHz when modulated with a 2-kHz modulating frequency?
What is the deviation ratio of an FM-phone signal having a maximum frequency swing of plus-or-minus 5 kHz and accepting a maximum modulation rate of 3 kHz?
What is the deviation ratio of an FM-phone signal having a maximum frequency swing of plus or minus 7.5 kHz and accepting a maximum modulation frequency of 3.5 kHz?
When using a pulse-width modulation system, why is the transmitter's peak power greater than its average power?
The signal duty cycle is less than 100%
The signal reaches peak amplitude only when voice modulated
The signal reaches peak amplitude only when voltage spikes are generated within the modulator
The signal reaches peak amplitude only when the pulses are also amplitude modulated
What parameter does the modulating signal vary in a pulse-position modulation system?
The time at which each pulse occurs
The number of pulses per second
The amplitude of the pulses
The duration of the pulses
How are the pulses of a pulse-modulated signal usually transmitted?
A pulse of relatively short duration is sent; a relatively long period of time separates each pulse
A pulse of relatively long duration is sent; a relatively short period of time separates each pulse
A group of short pulses are sent in a relatively short period of time; a relatively long period of time separates each group
A group of short pulses are sent in a relatively long period of time; a relatively short period of time separates each group
What is meant by deviation ratio?
The ratio of the maximum carrier frequency deviation to the highest audio modulating frequency
The ratio of the audio modulating frequency to the center carrier frequency
The ratio of the carrier center frequency to the audio modulating frequency
The ratio of the highest audio modulating frequency to the average audio modulating frequency
Which of these methods can be used to combine several separate analog information streams into a single analog radio frequency signal?
Frequency division multiplexing
Frequency shift keying
A diversity combiner
Which of the following describes frequency division multiplexing?
Two or more information streams are merged into a "baseband", which then modulates the transmitter
The transmitted signal jumps from band to band at a predetermined rate
The transmitted signal is divided into packets of information
Two or more information streams are merged into a digital combiner, which then pulse position modulates the transmitter
What is time division multiplexing?
Two or more signals are arranged to share discrete time slots of a digital data transmission
Two or more data streams are assigned to discrete sub-carriers on an FM transmitter
Two or more data streams share the same channel by transmitting time of transmission as the sub-carrier
Two or more signals are quadrature modulated to increase bandwidth efficiency
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