A-004-01: Transformer and rectifier circuits, voltage doubler circuit, PIP
For the same transformer secondary voltage, which rectifier has the highest average output voltage?
In a half-wave power supply with a capacitor input filter and a load drawing little or no current, the peak inverse voltage (PIV) across the diode can reach _____ times the RMS voltage.
In a full-wave centre-tap power supply, regardless of load conditions, the peak inverse voltage (PIV) will be _____ times the RMS voltage:
A full-wave bridge rectifier circuit makes use of both halves of the AC cycle, but unlike the full-wave centre-tap rectifier circuit it does not require:
a centre-tapped secondary on the transformer
any output filtering
a centre-tapped primary on the transformer
diodes across each leg of the transformer
The output from a full-wave bridge rectifier circuit will appear to be:
the same as the full-wave centre-tap rectifier
double that of the full-wave centre-tap rectifier
half that of the full-wave centre-tap rectifier
the same as the half-wave rectifier
The ripple frequency produced by a full-wave power supply connected to a normal household circuit is:
The ripple frequency produced by a half-wave power supply connected to a normal household circuit is:
Full-wave voltage doublers:
use both halves of an AC wave
create four times the half-wave voltage output
use less power than half-wave doublers
are used only in high-frequency power supplies
What are the two major ratings that must not be exceeded for silicon-diode rectifiers used in power-supply circuits?
Peak inverse voltage; average forward current
Average power; average voltage
Capacitive reactance; avalanche voltage
Peak load impedance; peak voltage
Why should a resistor and capacitor be wired in parallel with power-supply rectifier diodes?
To equalize voltage drops and guard against transient voltage spikes
To smooth the output waveform
To decrease the output voltage
To ensure that the current through each diode is about the same
What is the output waveform of an unfiltered full-wave rectifier connected to a resistive load?
A series of pulses at twice the frequency of the AC input
A steady DC voltage
A sine wave at half the frequency of the AC input
A series of pulses at the same frequency as the AC input
● = Unseen
● = Weak
● = Review
● = Learned
● = Incorrect answer